What are the five principles of the Montessori Method?

What are the five principles of the Montessori Method?

What are the five principles of the Montessori Method?

If you are wondering whether Montessori education is right for your child, here are the five principles of the Montessori Method:


  • Respect for Students

The first Montessori principle that Maria Montessori introduced to the method, is mutual respect between 3 parties (child, parent and teacher). Respect is the first and most important principle of the Montessori Method as it sets the foundation for all of the method’s practices. 

By respecting each child, teachers and parents know that there needs to be understanding when it comes to how a child learns, and what their specific needs may be. Respect is an essential part of understanding that not every child learns at the same pace, and giving each child guidance to learn in their own way.

  • The Absorbent Mind

The second principle is understanding that children have a very absorbent mind, especially during the first 6 years of life. They pick up on most of the things they see adults do, and learn things like languages and motor skills. 

While the school curriculum is highly important during this stage, the absorbent mind principle helps us understand that children learn by just exploring the world around them.

  • Sensitive Periods

The Montessori theory states that there are five categories of milestones that children go through during their first six years of life. These are: order, language, sensory skills, movement, and social skills. These are the most important milestones during the learning process of kids. 

The Montessori method focuses on acknowledging each one, and supporting each child with guidance on how to navigate through each category.

  • The Prepared Environment

The Montessori method focuses heavily on an open environment that encourages children to learn and look for materials of their preference. 

Our bright, clean and small class sizes of sixteen children to two certified teachers, ensure that each child has ample opportunity to connect with peers and instructors.

  • Self-Education

Self-education is the concept that children know how to teach themselves, and are able to learn on their own. Though it’s principle number five, this principle is also one of the most important principles within the Montessori Method. 

Independence is highly encouraged throughout the Montessori Method of teaching, because this is how children learn best. While they do need guidance and encouragement, children (once confident) are able to explore the world around them and educate themselves independently. 


At Alder Ridge Academy, our progressive approach to learning offers students the chance to experience a truly student-centered, inquiry-based approach to learning. Our program is inspired by the established Montessori program. Our educational approach helps students develop the following attributes: confidence, self awareness, self management and curiosity

Ready to join the Alder Ridge Academy? Enrollment is open. Spaces are limited. Book a virtual tour today! Contact us for more information.